Species of flowering plant in the daisy family Asteraceae. Tarragon is a spring and summer herb. Today, its primary producer is France. The French variety has become the most commonly used and prized by cooks as more delicate and the most fragrant intense in flavor. Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus), also known as estragon, is a species of perennial herb in the sunflower family. We like to call it “French” Tarragon, but it comes from Siberia and around the Caspian Sea. Tarragon has proven useful as a supplement for women who suffer from suppressed menstruation. It’s a tall leggy herb with pointed leaves that’s one of the four fines herbes prized in French cooking (chervil, parley, and chives are the others.) "[17], Fernand Point, French chef and restaurateur, was quoted as saying "A Bearnaise sauce is simply an egg yolk, a shallot, a little tarragon vinegar, and butter, but it takes years of practice for the result to be perfect."[18]. Tarragon is an herb. In Iran, tarragon is used as a side dish in sabzi khordan (fresh herbs), or in stews and in Persian style pickles, particularly khiar shoor (pickled cucumbers). A better substitute for French tarragon is Spanish tarragon (Tagetes lucida), also known as Mexican mint marigold, Mexican tarragon, Texas tarragon, or winter tarragon. Does tarragon need full sun? [10] It is much more reminiscent of French tarragon, with a hint of anise. Tarragon has rhizomatous roots that it uses to spread and readily reproduce. What is tarragon? Tarragon has an aromatic property reminiscent of anise, due to the presence of estragole, a known carcinogen and teratogen in mice. French tarragon can only be propagated by divisions or cuttings. It is not as strongly aromatic and flavorsome as its French cousin, but it produces many more leaves from early spring onwards that are mild and good in salads and cooked food. Tarragon adds distinctive flavor to sauces. Tarragon was cultivated mainly for medical and cooking purposes. French tarragon does not set viable seed, so buy young plants in spring and either grow in large pots filled with gritty compost or plant in a sunny, sheltered spot with well drained soil. The young stems in early spring can be cooked as an asparagus substitute. There are two types of tarragon, each … [8] Some tarragon plants produce seeds that are generally sterile. There were smiles all round. Other varieties of … Tarragon is known as “little dragon” from its Latin name of dracunculus. This herb is a native from Asia that belongs to the sunflower family. Russian tarragon, which has a great aroma to it, wild tarragon, which is commonly used in folk medicines and French tarragon, the best for use in kitchens and what you will find on spice racks around the world. Otherwise, fresh tarragon is usually only available in spring and into summer in cooler areas. [7] Informal names for distinguishing the variations include "French tarragon" (best for culinary use), "Russian tarragon", and "wild tarragon" (covers various states). Tarragon is most widely cultivated in France and Italy and is often called for as an ingredient in French recipes. Tarragon has quite a strong flavor, which plays ever so nicely with roasted, grilled, or gently braised vegetables (plus, plenty of olive oil and salt!). Horticulturists recommend that Russian tarragon be grown indoors from seed and planted out in the summer. Does tarragon need mulching? French tarragon seed is sterile. Tarragon is one of the four fines herbes of French cooking, and is particularly suitable for chicken, fish, and egg dishes. cis-Pellitorin, an isobutyramide eliciting a pungent taste, has been isolated from the tarragon plant. Tarragon is an herb native to Siberia (!) Be sure it is labeled as French tarragon, and not simply as "tarragon." However, now it is primarily grown and cultivated in countries with temperate climates around the world. sativa), which probably originated in western Asia, is the commonly grown temperate-zone tarragon used for culinary purposes. In Swedish, Dutch and German the plant is commonly known as dragon. In some other subspecies, the characteristic aroma is largely absent. The name tarragon might have come from the French word estragon or the Arabic word tarkhum , and the Latin word dracunculus , all of which mean ‘little dragon’. It was brought to the United States in the early 19th century. Tarragon adds flavor to egg and cheese dishes, light soups and fresh fruits. Look for tarragon from spring through the summer months at your garden center, or order online from a reputable plant nursery. Mainly, French and Russian Tarragon herbs are most famous and chefs adopt this herb mainly in French and Russian gastronomy. French tarragon is native to areas of Eurasia and North America. Contains Beneficial Nutrients but Few Calories and Carbs. It's hardy and easy to grow in a sunny or partially shaded spot in well-drained soil. I am pretty sure you have come across recipes that call for tarragon. Tarragon is an herb with thin, blade-like leaves that are used for seasoning fish, chicken and egg dishes. https://wholespice.com/blog/little-dragon/#:~:text=Tarragon%20is%20a%20perennial%20herb,shape%20of%20its%20serpentine%20roots.website=www.wholespice.com, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tarragon&oldid=998882060, Pages using Tropicos template without author names, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 13:13. Tarragon is native to mild European regions. The plant’s botanical name is “Artemisia dracunculus, it refers to the French word esdragon, meaning “little dragon.” Using Tarragon In The Kitchen Production of cis-pellitorin and use as a flavouring. You must purchase the plants or take an established plant from a friend’s garden. Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus), also known as estragon, is a species of perennial herb in the sunflower family. Starting plants: French tarragon cannot be grown from seed. Being one of the more fragrant fresh herbs, basil… Tarragon is native to southern Russia and western Asia. Since it does not produce viable seed, it does not have abundant flowers. Get the transplants in the spring or fall. A final type, Spanish tarragon, isn’t in the same genus as the first two, but it’s still a better substitute for French tarragon than Russian tarragon is (sorry Russian tarragon). The name of the genus of this herb, Artemisia, was believed to have come from the Greek goddess Artemis, who gave tarragon and other similar species of the plant to the centaur Chiron. Fresh, lightly bruised sprigs of tarragon are steeped in vinegar to produce tarragon vinegar. When buying this herb, make sure you get the ones with bright green leaves and avoid the yellow or black leaves as suggested by Food Print. Why does it often come designated as French or Russian? [19] See Artemisia for the genus name derivative. Gatfield, I. L.; Ley, J. P.; Foerstner, J.; Krammer, G.; Machinek, A. Tarragon is low in calories and carbs and … French tarragon is the variety used for cooking in the kitchen[9] and is not grown from seed, as the flowers are sterile; instead it is propagated by root division. Russian tarragon loses what flavor it has as it ages and is widely considered useless as a culinary herb, though it is sometimes used in crafts. When the sun hits so hard in the late summer, tarragon will bolt. Two species are cultivated, Russian and French. To baste chicken, fish or seafood, blend Tarragon with butter, chives, and lemon. Tarragon is one of the main ingredients in Chakapuli, Georgian national dish. It is widespread in the wild across much of Eurasia and North America, and is cultivated for culinary and medicinal purposes.[3][4][5][6]. This tarragon actually prefers poor soils and happily tolerates drought and neglect. We grow tarragon for its sweet anise flavor. Although not in the same genus as the other tarragons, Spanish tarragon has a stronger flavor than Russian tarragon that does not diminish significantly with age. Leaves of the French variety are glossier and more pungent. Root 6- to 8-inch stem cuttings in … The leaves are very aromatic and they have a very distinct flavor. [8] However, Russian tarragon is a far more hardy and vigorous plant, spreading at the roots and growing over a meter tall. Tarragon was one of the medicinal herbs used by Hippocrates and … There are two varieties – French Tarragon with it’s fine flavour and Russian Tarragon which is considered to be far inferior. The name is believed to come from the shape of tarragons roots, which coil amongst each other like sleeping snakes. Plant the transplants in well-drained soil about 2 to 3 feet apart in order to give each plant room to grow. It has a unique flavor that … French tarragon, however, seldom produces any flowers (or seeds). Tarragon can be grown in pots easily too Liz Whitaker / Getty Images Welcome to Tarragon Acoustic! There are 3 common types: French tarragon ~ this is the one we cook with The Tarragon has mountain views, free WiFi and free private parking, situated in Hout Bay, 1.7 miles from World of Birds. but grows all over the world. The European Union investigation revealed that the danger of estragole is minimal even at 100–1,000 times the typical consumption seen in humans. It is widespread in the wild across much of Eurasia and North America, and is cultivated for culinary and medicinal purposes. Pain Relief. Growing Tarragon Putting mulch around the tarragon in cold climates like winter helps the root when it dies back and goes into dormancy. French tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus var. One subspecies, Artemisia dracunculus var. Harvesting. It was mentioned briefly in medieval writings as a pharmaceutical, but did not come into common use until the 16th century in England. Planting Tarragon Determine the type of tarragon you want. It has also been promoted as a means for maintaining the overall health of the female reproductive tract. The drink, named Tarkhuna, is made out of sugary tarragon concentrate and colored bright green. In a frigid temperature, yes, it does. I think we’ve all eaten fresh basil leaves as some point or another. What Is Tarragon And Where Did It Come From? Russian tarragon (A. dracunculoides L.) can be grown from seed but is much weaker in flavor when compared to the French variety. Others produce viable seeds. The species name, dracunculus, means "little dragon," and the plant seems to be so named due to its coiled roots. Tarragon is a perennial related to Wormwood. There was a sweet crumble, too. The parts of the tarragon plant that grow above the ground are used to make medicine. [11] Estragole concentration in fresh tarragon leaves is about 2900 mg/kg.[12]. (Russian tarragon can be grown from seed.) Some people call tarragon "mugwort". Tarragon is ready to … You can’t grow French tarragon from seeds. Tarragon has a slightly bittersweet flavor and an aroma similar to anise. It thrives in spring temperatures and doesn't do well in overly hot climates. Yes, this plant needs plenty of bright sunlight (5–6 hrs/day) and also does well in a partially sheltered position. Read on to learn more about french tarragon. Tarragon does not grow well in acidic soil. Tarragon is used to flavor a popular carbonated soft drink in the countries of Armenia, Azerbaijan, Georgia (where it originally comes from) and, by extension, Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan. The species is polymorphic. It originated from Asia and belongs to the family of sunflowers. Tarragon is an herb with strong qualities. "Artemisia dracunculus [Assenzio dragoncello] - Flora Italiana", "Public statement on the use of herbal medicinal products containing estragole". Select planting area or container. Tarragon grows to 120–150 centimetres (4–5 feet) tall, with slender branches. However, it has been found that tarragon should not be used for these reasons while pregnant or nursing. Does tarragon come back every year? sativa, is cultivated for use of the leaves as an aromatic culinary herb. Russian tarragon is grown from seed while French tarragon is grown through propagation. The spreading plants can be divided easily. Like many herbs, tarragon is a cut-and-come-again plant that benefits from frequent harvesting. In Slovenia, tarragon is used in a variation of the traditional nut roll sweet cake, called potica. Tarragon is commonly known as a flavoring for vinegar and is used in pickles, relishes, prepared mustards, and sauces. Tarragon, also known as estragon or artemisia dracunculus was first cultivated in Siberia and is a member of the sunflower family. Today, its primary producer is France. [13], A. dracunculus oil contained predominantly phenylpropanoids such as methyl chavicol (16.2%) and methyl eugenol (35.8%). Russian Tarragon can be grown from seed. French tarragon is best grown from a starter plant. It has long, narrow and flat leaves. Tarragon is an herb that comes in three general varieties, each of which has its own uses. Tarragon is usually an ingredient in many French cuisines. More nerdy origin facts about tarragon herb can be found on wikipedia. [16], James Andrew Beard, American cookbook author, teacher, syndicated columnist and television personality, was quoted as saying, "I believe that if ever I had to practice cannibalism, I might manage if there were enough tarragon around. It will show up in winter in warmer climates and at the end of winter in temperate climates (or from growers using greenhouses). Offering pool or garden views, each unit comes with a kitchen, a satellite flat-screen TV and Blu-ray player, wardrobe, a washing machine and a private bathroom with shower and a hairdryer. Most commercial Tarragon comes from dried leaves of the French Tarragon plant. Often hand in hand with gastrointestinal wellness is the relief of gastrointestinal pain, … Tarragon is a small, shrubby herb, Artemisia dracunculus, in the sunflower family. Mexican mint tarragon, Tagetes lucida, is a perennial native to Mexico and Guatemala and also grows from seed, with germination and growth habits similar to marigolds. Depending upon the climate or growing zone, it is a perennial plant that produces leaves over several years (3-4 years). Join us on the second Thursday and last Sunday of each month from Sept – May for our re-imagined 2020/21 season. [14] Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry analysis of the essential oil revealed the presence of trans-anethole (21.1%), α-trans-ocimene (20.6%), limonene (12.4%), α-pinene (5.1%), allo-ocimene (4.8%), methyl eugenol (2.2%), β-pinene (0.8%), α-terpinolene (0.5%), bornyl acetate (0.5%) and bicyclogermacrene (0.5%) as the main components. [15] The organic compound capillin was initially isolated from Artemisia capillaris in 1956. Tarragon Theatre presents 18 plays for the ear – from our celebrated past to the anticipated future – from David French’s Leaving Home to Audrey Dwyer’s Come Home -The Legend of Daddy Hall!. Tarragon is native to southern Russia and western Asia. With Family Sunflower and Specie Perennial Herb, Tarragon is native to Europe, Asia. French tarragon’s pungent flavor goes a long way, so if you cut more than you can use right away, try these storage ideas. The leaves are lanceolate, 2–8 cm (1–3 in) long and 2–10 mm (1⁄8–3⁄8 in) broad, glossy green, with an entire margin. The flowers are produced in small capitula 2–4 mm (1⁄16–3⁄16 in) diameter, each capitulum containing up to 40 yellow or greenish-yellow florets. Tarragon, unlike many other herbs, was not used by ancient peoples. Tarragon is the main flavoring component of Béarnaise sauce. The filling, protected by the layer of savoury crumbs, was a mixture of roast chicken, tarragon and cream. A final type, Spanish tarragon, isn’t in the same genus as the first two, but it’s still a better substitute for French tarragon than Russian tarragon is (sorry Russian tarragon). Check out our tarragon … Tarragon also goes well with fish, meat, soups and stews, and is often used in tomato and egg dishes. 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