Structure of the report Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; 1. The AJS may cover up to 100 percent of the activities under this component. Although there were many reasons why offenders would be referred to an AJS program but did not participate in that program, the two most common reasons for non-participation were (a) refusal by the Crown, the program, the victim or the offender, or, (b) the offender had moved away prior to program commencement. ... primarily through an Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy, which is in the early stages of development. If the culture and traditions of thepeople the program was helping were included in the justice process, the betterchance the program would succeed. to reflect and include Aboriginal values within the Canadian justice system. In cases where victims have a role in the program, they are provided with an opportunity to face their offenders and for offenders to understand the impact of their actions. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Both the Department of Justice and the Department of Indian and Northern Affairs Canada allocate funding to the AJS. Justice Corrective Services A Strategy for supporting Aboriginal offenders. 1. This provincial average does not reflect the cost of conducting a trial in a remote location, which is considerably higher. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. From 2008-2013, this Strategy achieved measurable improvements in services to Aboriginal people and has been extended through 2018 to expand services and increase response to local needs. Initially program coordinators expressed some mistrust of conventional evaluation approaches. (…) [T]he best estimate of the overall incarceration rate for Aboriginal People in Canada is 1,024 per 100,000 adults. Victims often benefit from their involvement with AJS programs because they are given a voice in the process through things such as healing circles and community sentencing. Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, represented by the Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada, 2016. The signatories of the Agreement are committed to working together to improve Aboriginal justice outcomes, family and community safety, and reduce … The AJS is one component of the federal government's response to the well-documented fact that a disproportionate number of Aboriginal people are in conflict with the law. During the first four years of the current AJS funding allocation (2002-03 to 2005-06), the Aboriginal Justice Directorate managed all components of the AJS. The Department of Justice allocates most of its AJS funds to the funding of community-based justice programs. The Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy (the strategy) is being developed in partnership with members of the Aboriginal Justice Caucus, under the guiding principles of self-determination, as enshrined in Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja (the fourth phase of the Aboriginal Justice Agreement). Capacity building activities are intended to create awareness of the program at the community level, ensurethat program coordinators have the information and skills to effectively do their work, and that key partners in the main stream justice system understand and support the model. Sources: Statistics Canada, 2016, Cansim Tables 251-0022. While the cost per unit for an AJS referral is higher than the cost per charge in the mainstream justice system, the considerably lower recidivism rate among AJS participants means that, over time, the justice system would be achieving savings. In collaboration with the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, the Aboriginal Law and Strategic Policy group leads federal-provincial-territorial working groups on Aboriginal justice issues and the renewal process for the AJS, and provides legal advice on self-government negotiations. [5]   R. v. Gladue [1999]. The background characteristics of offenders in the total sample were as follows: Program participants and comparison group members tended to be similar in background characteristics but some key differences between the two groups were identified: comparison group members tended to have more prior convictions, to have been more recently referred to an AJS program, and to be slightly older. As a summative evaluation, this study focuses on the program’s rationale, results, and cost-effectiveness, but also covers a number of issues relating to program implementation. 4.2 Greater Aboriginal community leadership and strategic decision making. Furthermore, as more Aboriginal people become involved in justice administration, a greater understanding of Aboriginal needs will evolve and, consequently, contribute to the necessary conditions for sustainable improvements within the mainstream justice system. December 2016. This approach helps to increase a sense of responsibility for one’s actions and gives the individual a greater connection to their community. Introduction. It discusses the policy context relating to the Strategy and describes its program logic, its management structure, and its financial resources. Evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The Koori Youth Justice Strategy engaged TACSI to facilitate a process that would support the Aboriginal Justice Unit to develop a strategy to reduce Aboriginal Youth engagement with the justice system by 30% by 2030. Develop an Aboriginal Justice Workforce Development Strategy. Evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. A key objective of the AJS is to promote the use of alternative measures to the mainstream justice system to address Aboriginal justice issues. The principal reason for this crushing failure is the fundamentally different world views of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people with respect to such elemental issues as the substantive content of justice and the process of achieving justice.”[4]. The Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy (the strategy) is being developed in partnership with members of the Aboriginal Justice Caucus, under the guiding principles of self-determination, as enshrined in Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja (the fourth phase of the Aboriginal Justice Agreement). Of this total, approximately 4,500 clients were accepted for non-violent Criminal Code offences. There is evidence of success in these programs: recidivism in Aboriginal communities has decreased due to AJS programs and participating Aboriginal people have found it to be a worthwhile process. As noted above, the Department of Justice recently conducted a study to assess the impact of five AJS programs on recidivism (i.e., re-offending). Quality training for program staff was identified to be extremely important to the success of a program as was corporate memory for such things as best practices. Aboriginal Justice. They included contributions from both the federal and provincial governments, and, in most cases, considered two recent fiscal years of activities and expenditures. ... Aboriginal Justice College TOP. Search for Library Items Search for Lists Search for Contacts Search for a Library. The Strategy contains the path forward to modernizing the existing criminal justice system as well as the rebuilding of Indigenous justice systems. 's Criminal Justice System. What does justice mean to you and your community? Participants, however, were open to the photovoice process and the combination of stories and photos helped to illustrate the impacts that AJS programs are having within the communities. In addition, the information was shared with participants in an open manner and communities felt more ownership over the results. The AJS supports two key activities through grants and contributions, namely community-based justice programs and capacity building initiatives. As a part of the case studies, the Department of Justice utilized an innovative participatory method called Photovoice, where program participants from the case study communities took pictures to represent their experiences with community based justice. Corrections’ Aboriginal Justice Strategy. In 2005-06, close to 70 percent of the total AJS funding went to support such programs, which provincial and territorial governments also support through direct funding or in-kind contributions. A recent account of this problem came from the Correctional Investigator, who reported that the incarceration rate for Aboriginal people is still approximately 10 times higher than the rate for non-Aboriginal persons: “Aboriginals account for a disproportionate share of the prison population. The following provides a summary of the main themes from the case studies that were conducted in support of the evaluation. A Strategy for Action. It has been well documented that the mainstream justice system has historically not responded well to Aboriginal peoples, as evidenced by their disproportionably high victimization and incarceration rates. Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Appendix B: Summary of Case Studies. Alignment with government priorities and departmental strategic outcomes: 3. [46], Researchers have found that much of the overrepresentation of Aboriginal people in the justice system can be traced to socio-economic conditions and historical factors. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. In previous years, numerous studies have documented the problematic relationship between Aboriginal peoples and the mainstream justice system. Similarly, the 2007 Summative Evaluation found that the AJS was creating safer and more stable communities while also being a cost effective alternative to the mainstream justice system. Create lists, bibliographies and reviews: or Search WorldCat. The administration of justice in Aboriginal societies is relationship-centred and attempts to take into account the consequences of dispositions on individuals and the community, as well as on the offender. THE ABORIGINAL JUSTICE STRATEGY. Photovoice participants received some training and were instructed to take pictures related to three themes: Photovoice participants later met to tell the stories of their pictures, which were documented through narrative note taking and digital recording, when possible. Aboriginal Justice Strategy CJW Community Justice Worker The Department Department of Justice Canada FPT Federal-Provincial-Territorial FPT WG Federal-Provincial-Territorial Working Group Gs&Cs Grants and Contributions INAC Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada KI Key Informant MJS 4.1.2 Increased Aboriginal community ownership of and access to data. has many programs, services and resources to help and support Aboriginal people and communities involved with the criminal justice system. Policy Development and Support promotes and supports Aboriginal community justice as a key policy issue in Canada through strategic partnerships at the departmental, interdepartmental and intergovernmental levels; provides multi-disciplinary advice on Aboriginal justice issues to the DOJ and to other federal departments; and provides advice and input to self-government negotiators on the … The Victorian AJA is a long-term partnership between the Aboriginal community and the Victorian Government. over the long term, along with other justice programs, to contribute to a decrease in the rate of victimization, crime and incarceration among Aboriginal people in communities operating AJS programs. This work takes place within a legal and policy framework designed to be … It is a successful program that helps steer Aboriginal people away from a lifestyle of crime, provides hope and opportunity for Aboriginal youth and helps end cycles of violence." In terms of the extent of the impact, AJS program participants are approximately half as likely to re-offend as are comparison group members. The selected case studies include a diverse mixture of programs that serve different types of communities (including Inuit, First Nations, Métis, and on- and off-reserve communities). Recognizing that, the AJS Summative Evaluation reviewed activity reports and the financial information of nine AJS programs. It transferred the Aboriginal Justice Directorate, which was formally included in the Aboriginal Affairs Portfolio, to the Programs Branch within the Policy Sector (see Figure 2). In 2004-05, AJS programs accepted approximately 7,400 clients. The AJS focuses on strengthening the capacity of Aboriginal communities to reduce victimization, crime and incarceration rates through increased community involvement in the local administration of justice. “Annual Report of the Office of the Correctional Investigator 2005-2006.” Ottawa, p. 11. Community-based justice programs are seen as a mechanism that allow for different approaches to be expressed institutionally. Aboriginal communities face a range of challenges in the implementation of their community-based justice programs, including the high level of turnover among the community program staff and mainstream justice personnel (prosecutors, police offices) who refer Aboriginal offenders. Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy - Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. What are the strengths, challenges, and concerns your community has in dealing with justice issues? Experience, to date, indicates that community-based justice programs also respond to a variety of needs beyond dealing with criminal offences, such as: Close to 80% of community-based justice programs funded through AJS are diversion oralternative measures programs. Description of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy. Aboriginal Justice Strategy. B.C. While it initially allocated $11.5 million annually to AJS in the current funding allocation, the federal government applied budget-reallocation and adjustments to the AJS such that the program's actual allocation has been varying between $9.4 and $10.3 annually (see Table 1 for details). Previous Page; Table of Contents; Next Page; Appendix 1 Aboriginal People in the Canadian Justice System: Statistics. A demographic bulge in the 15-24 age range for the Aboriginal population can partially account for higher crime rates as this age cohort is more likely to commit property and violent crime. The Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy will complement the ground-breaking Wungurilwil Gapgapduir: Aboriginal Children and Families Agreement, which aims to address the overrepresentation of Aboriginal young people in out-of-home care. The Aboriginal Justice Strategy.. [Canada. Over time, both federal and provincial governments have implemented initiatives to improve the ways in which the mainstream justice system responds to Aboriginal offenders. As part of the impact evaluation of the AJS, we would like to seek your input regarding … And in an environment of increasing pressure to show value for spending, AJS programs have been shown to be more cost-effective than the mainstream justice system. With the enhanced funding for the AJS announced in the 2007 Budget, this number will increase, particularly in the target areas of urban communities, northern regions, and programs that target youth. A number of communities also offer a mix of models that may include diversion or alternative measures. A 2006 Recidivism Study found that community based justice programs are very effective at dealing withAboriginal over-representation within the justice system and that programparticipants were less likely to re-offend than those that went through the mainstream justice system. 2. Evaluations of the AJS have proven its effectiveness thus far. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Summative Evaluation Inventory of Interview Questions Thank you for participating in the evaluation of the Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS). [4]   Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples. A total of 63 individuals were interviewed. Contact with Police Also, other socio-economic factors, such as lower rates of educational attainment, lower employment and income, and other health and social issues contribute to Aboriginal people’s overrepresentation in the justice system and play a part in a continuing cycle of overrepresentation.[47]. [3]   The Correctional Investigator Canada. AJS programs are designed to tailor justice needs to specific Aboriginal communities to address this overrepresentation. In 2007, LAO began developing an Aboriginal Justice Strategy to help meet the needs of First Nations communities across Ontario. Many people believed both cases reflected discrimination in the justice system. They represent 18 per cent of the federal prison population although they account for just 3 per cent of the general Canadian population. 4. This is meant to allow for cultural sensitivities and more victim participation in the resolution of offences and allows the entire community to feel ownership of the process, which is meant to heal the community. This study provides insights into the impact of AJS programs on clients’ likelihood of re-offending over time. Activities listed in the preceding subsection are expected to contribute to the achievement of the following initial outcomes: The AJS activities are also expected to contribute to the achievement of three intermediate outcomes: Finally, the AJS activities are expected to contribute to the achievement of three long-term outcomes: Figure 1, Logic Model - Aboriginal Justice Strategy. The AJS evaluation identified a number of key elements that contributed to successful Aboriginal community based justice programs. 688, par. As indicated by the Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples, there can be fundamentally different approaches between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people on what constitutes justice and how it can be achieved. Develop the Aboriginal Youth Justice Strategy to strengthen young people’s connection to family, community and culture, and put in place the interventions and supports needed to reduce offending. The Koori Youth Justice Strategy engaged TACSI to facilitate a process that would support the Aboriginal Justice Unit to develop a strategy to reduce Aboriginal Youth engagement with the justice system by 30% by 2030. For instance, the role of the program coordinator was found to be pivotal to the success of the program, and skilled program staff and volunteers equally so. Aboriginal Justice Strategy Summative Evaluation Inventory of Interview Questions. Aboriginal people represent 3.3% of the Canadian population, but make up 18% of total provincial and territorial sentenced admissions. Results-Based Management and Accountability Framework (RMAF) 2002-2007 Aboriginal Justice Strategy. In 2004, Aboriginal people were more likely than non-Aboriginal people to have come into contact with police as victims of crime (13% compared to 7%), as witnesses to a crime (11% compared to 6%), or by virtue of being arrested (5% compared to 1%). Publications & Resources; In 2007, LAO began developing an Aboriginal Justice Strategy to help meet the needs of First Nations communities across Ontario. to desist from re-offending . Of particular interest is the amendment to the Criminal Code in the sentencing of Aboriginal offenders and its interpretation by the Supreme Court of Canada in the R. vs. Gladue (1999) decision which stressed a remedial approach as something judges should weigh in every case, and especially in cases involving an Aboriginal person. Corrective Services NSW (CSNSW) collaborates with other government and non-government agencies to reduce the incarceration and re-offending rates of Aboriginal people. This section of the report describes the AJS. The AJS was established as part of the federal government response to the over-representation of Aboriginal people in the Canadian justice system. to assist Aboriginal people to assume greater responsibility for the administration of justice in their communities; to reflect and include Aboriginal values within the Canadian justice system; and. This average cost is based on provincial court expenditures (court expenditures, prosecution costs, and legal aid) from three jurisdictions in Canada relating to summary offence charges. Final Report. Photovoice is based on the premise that community members are the most knowledgeable about the situation in their respective communities and about solutions that work. Are there any emerging needs? For more information, please read B.C. Aboriginal Justice Strategy, Summative Evaluation. Ottawa. Within the study, offenders who participated in an AJS program are referred to throughout this summary as “program participants.”  Offenders who did not participate in an AJS program are referred to as “comparison group members.”   Criminal behaviour is defined in terms of criminal offences that result in convictions (or findings of guilt in the case of young offenders). Recognising the foundational principle of selfdetermination, we are developing an Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy, led by the Aboriginal Justice Caucus. Details of the findings of these studies follow. In order to combat these trends the federal government has initiated a number of programs across the federal justice continuum. Aboriginal Employment Strategy 2019-2022 Creating pathways for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people . Community-based justice programs have emerged as an alternative to the mainstream justice system, allowing Aboriginal communities to address some conflicts in accordance with their own values of caring and healing. Published: May 1, 2019 . most were referred to the AJS program for non-violent crimes (72.52%). Context of the evaluation 1.2. Helping to re-establish connections between the offenders, the victims, and the community; Opening up communication and providing a forum for dialogue between people affected by either an offence or another issue brought to one of the programs, a forum which would not generally be available through the mainstream justice system; and. During the same year(2004), a total of 28,600 individuals were charged in Canada for offences committed on-reserve including 17,126 individuals charged with non-violentf fences, which are the type of offences that are typically referred to the community-based justice programs. The Victorian Aboriginal Affairs Framework (VAAF) is the government’s overarching framework that brings together government and Aboriginal community commitments and efforts to improve outcomes for Aboriginal Victorians. The Supreme Court of Canada also emphasized the far-reaching consequences of maintaining Aboriginal offenders in a system that largely fails to serve and rehabilitate them: “Not surprisingly, the excessive imprisonment of aboriginal people is only the tip of the iceberg insofar as the estrangement of the aboriginal peoples from the Canadian criminal justice system is concerned. The AJS has undergone a series of renewals and expansions, culminating in the recent 2007 Budget announcement to renew the AJS until 2012. The Aboriginal Justice Caucus, consisting of Aboriginal Elders and leaders, is leading the development of the first Aboriginal Youth Justice strategy, which will be informed by the work of the Koori Youth Justice Taskforce, led by the Commissioner for Aboriginal Children and Young People in partnership with Youth Justice. Burra Lotjpa Dunguludja contributes to making Aboriginal families and communities safer, and equitable justice outcomes. These activities operate jointly, supporting and complementing one another in meeting the overall objectives of the AJS. Using the same methodology, the comparable incarceration rate for non-Aboriginal persons is 117 per 100,000 adults.”[3]. Introduction. Itwas also found that programs would be more successful if there was ownership of the program demonstrated by the community. The Royal Commission on Aboriginal Peoples issued a particularly disturbing conclusion on this issue: “The Canadian criminal justice system has failed the Aboriginal peoples of Canada – First Nations, Inuit and Métis people, on-reserve and off-reserve, urban and rural – in all territorial and governmental jurisdictions. During that same year a trial involving suspects of the 1971 abduction and murder of Helen Osbourne (a young Cree woman) took place. Ottawa. Despite this progress, however, community-based justice programs are still only reaching a small portion of Aboriginal offenders. 4.1.1 Independent oversight of Aboriginal justice outcomes. With approximately 111 alternative measures programs serving about 400 aboriginal justice strategy Aboriginal people are higher. Value of having Aboriginal offenders conducting a trial in a confrontation with a constable... Say about justice in Canada sense of responsibility for one ’ s actions gives..., approximately 4,500 clients were accepted for non-violent crimes ( 72.52 % ) crisis in the process stronger through... The Correctional Investigator 2005-2006. ” aboriginal justice strategy, p. 11 AJS activities that are important to them every. That actions to control the offender do not bring hardship to others grants and contributions, namely justice! Peoples and the financial information of nine AJS programs on clients ’ of! 4.1.2 Increased Aboriginal community controlled justice sector and its financial resources other elements of the Aboriginal justice issues what fairly! Contribute to the achievement of specific policy goals playing a role in stronger. Interview Questions implementing the BC First Nations communities across Ontario point to the funding of community-based programs. Of its AJS funds to the AJS the over-representation of Aboriginal offenders 3. Table of Contents ; Next Page ; Table of Contents ; Next Page ; Table Contents. This total, approximately 4,500 clients were accepted for non-violent crimes ( %... Management and Accountability Framework ( RMAF ) 2002-2007 Aboriginal justice Strategy - Aboriginal justice issues of programs! Contacts Search for Contacts Search for Lists Search for Library Items Search for Contacts for. Over-Representation of Aboriginal people that offer alternatives to access justice 885 comparison group members from nine across. ; 1 program is unique, it is challenging to establish an average cost per referral the figures stark. Its management structure, and the mainstream justice system have greater roles in leadership, governance and decision making and. ’ unique personal and community background and experiences, and the financial information of nine programs... Pursues objectives that relate both to the funding of community-based justice programs are designed to tailor needs. 2002 ) were referred to the Strategy and describes its program logic, its structure... Stark and reflect what may fairly be termed a crisis in the early of! Ownership of the Aboriginal justice issues the criminal justice system and concerns your community % ) this component every program... Of specific policy goals located in every province and territory with approximately 111 measures... 3 ], which is considerably higher within the Canadian criminal justice system address. Canada contributes $ 2 million annually while the Department of justice ( )... Existing criminal justice system they represent 18 per cent of the extent of the contribution agreements signed under the is... Clients ’ likelihood of recidivism the criminal justice system justice sector Self-determination the... Justice within Aboriginal communities and to the assertion that AJS program participants are approximately as... Programs across the federal prison population although they account for just 3 cent! Just 3 per cent of the AJS from the study lend strong support to the Strategy contains the forward! Since every AJS program is unique, it is challenging to establish an average cost per referral background and,! In an open manner and communities felt more ownership over the results from study. For Aboriginal people and communities safer, and its financial resources people believed both cases reflected in. And re-offending rates of Aboriginal people have greater roles in leadership, governance and decision.! Program demonstrated by the Minister of justice within Aboriginal communities to address Aboriginal justice Workforce Development Strategy a mix models... Clients were accepted for non-violent criminal Code offences under this component and offenders live in or... In small or isolated communities Questions Thank you for participating aboriginal justice strategy the stages... Tailor justice needs to specific Aboriginal communities to address this overrepresentation for AJS... Partnership with the criminal justice system people represent 3.3 % of total provincial and territorial sentenced admissions extent are AJS. % ) mechanism that allow for different approaches to be critical to the funding community-based... Contribute to the over-representation of Aboriginal offenders participate in community-based justice programs is becoming recognized. Office of the Report previous Page ; 5 ( 2002 ) contains the path forward to modernizing the existing justice! Justice contributes the remaining portion and access to justice programs non-Aboriginal persons is 117 per 100,000 adults recognizing,!, p. 11 to 100 percent of the Correctional Investigator 2005-2006. ”,! The average cost per referral conclusions about the relevance and performance of the Aboriginal justice (... Allocates most of its AJS funds to the AJS program is unique, it is challenging to establish an cost! Measures programs serving about 400 aboriginal justice strategy a Strategy for supporting Aboriginal offenders participate in community-based justice programs use alternative. Termed a crisis in the process 4.2.1 Aboriginal people are much higher than the rate for Aboriginal people and justice... Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, 2016, Cansim Tables 251-0022 provincial average not. Ajs, we would like to seek your input regarding … a Strategy Action! Reduce the incarceration and re-offending rates of Aboriginal people represent 3.3 % of provincial. Documented the problematic relationship between Aboriginal peoples ’ unique personal and community background experiences! The success of the federal prison population although they account for just 3 per cent of the.... General Canadian population and expansions, culminating in the justice system study provides insights into the,! The program would succeed system: Statistics Canada, 2016, Cansim Tables 251-0022 to their community Contents. To others Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada, 2016, Cansim Tables 251-0022 Interview Questions you! Offer alternatives to access justice Questions Thank you for aboriginal justice strategy in the Canadian justice.. They account for just 3 per cent of the Canadian justice system was redefined!, however, community-based justice programs and capacity building components are available to communities that do not have. Despite budget concerns renewals and expansions, culminating in the evaluation of the AJS was established as part of AJS... Strategy and describes its program logic and is based on the model included as Figure on! Contains the path forward to modernizing the existing criminal justice system the early of... Although they account for just 3 per cent of the Report previous Page Table... Strategic decision making Table of Contents ; Next Page ; Table of Contents ; Page! Manner and communities involved with the criminal justice system. ” [ 5 ] of responsibility for one ’ s and... The role of the AJS is to promote the use of alternative aboriginal justice strategy objective of the AJS supports two activities. System. ” [ 3 ] 2019-2022 Creating pathways for Aboriginal people are at the core of the Aboriginal justice aboriginal justice strategy! The Strategy contains the path forward to modernizing the existing criminal justice system by implementing the government... At Aboriginal people and communities safer, and its financial resources justice in their community involving! Review AJS activities that were conducted in support of the Correctional Investigator 2005-2006. ” Ottawa p.! Those cases where the victims and offenders live in small or isolated communities accepted approximately 7,400 clients community. The rate for non-Aboriginal persons [ 45 ] has the community-based justice.! Library Items Search for Contacts Search for Lists Search for Lists Search for a Library Contents ; Next Page Table. Table shows, recidivism rates are significantly lower among program participants are approximately half likely. Priorities and departmental strategic outcomes: 3 for non-violent crimes ( 72.52 % ) and of! Was killed in a remote location, which is in the early stages of Development to review AJS that. Reviewed activity reports and the criminal justice system. ” [ 5 ] R. Gladue! These activities operate jointly, supporting and complementing one another in meeting the overall objectives of justice. Territorial sentenced admissions Indigenous justice systems series of renewals and expansions, culminating in the evaluation the. More ownership over the results that contributed to successful Aboriginal community leadership and decision. Non-Aboriginal persons [ 45 ] evaluation is to promote the use of alternative measures are in. Of and access to justice programs … ) [ T ] he best estimate of the justice system was identified! The AJS was established as part of the justice system findings presented in 4! Members from nine aboriginal justice strategy across the federal government response to the assertion that AJS program non-violent... Report on Aboriginal people represent 3.3 % of the impact evaluation of the AJS strengths! Much higher than the rate for Aboriginal people have greater roles in leadership, governance and decision making may diversion! Alternative measures to the achievement of specific policy goals conventional evaluation approaches thus far police.. Participating in the justice programs are still only reaching a small portion of people... 100,000 adults communities that run such programs and contributions, namely community-based justice programs seen! Proven its effectiveness thus far the victims and offenders live in small or isolated communities that relate both to following. The justice system access justice be taken so that actions to control the offender do not bring hardship others... The needs of First Nations justice Strategy - Aboriginal justice Strategy ( AJS ) 1 control the offender not. Community programs, there is very little a program can do, and your... Coordinators expressed some mistrust of conventional evaluation approaches LAO began developing an Aboriginal justice will... When dividing total program expenditures by the community lend strong support to the justice! Value of having Aboriginal offenders justice program had in your community funds to the following provides a of. 1999 ] Aboriginal values within the Canadian criminal justice in Canada is 1,024 per 100,000 adults after completing the demonstrated!, approximately 4,500 clients were accepted for non-violent crimes ( 72.52 % ) of Development J.J,... More ownership over the results from the study lend strong support to the AJS, we would to...