Schefflera actinophylla Figure 1. This naturalized ornamental garden plant and houseplant is native to Australia and New Guinea. umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla) is a relatively large tree usually growing 6-10 m tall. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Broschat TK; Meerow AW, 1991. Leaves are alternate with petioles up to 61 cm long, palmately compound with mostly 7-16 leaflets, these shiny, light green, oblanceolate, up to 30 cm long, and entire margins (or sparsely toothed when young). Anon, 2012. Fact Sheet ST-585. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. Gainesville, FL, USA: University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences Extension, Environmental Horticultural Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service. Space JC, Flynn T, 2000. Common Names: Octopus Tree, Umbrella Tree, Ivy Palm, Schefflera. Schefflera lends a tropical The flora of Nauru. A Global Compendium of Weeds. Images: Others. In its native range, this species occurs in tropical lowland or monsoon rain forests (Russell-Smith, 1991). Its leaves are borne on robust stalks (i.e. In: Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural), 8 5-281. In: USDA Forest Service, Honolulu, USDA Forest Service. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji. Charles Darwin Foundation, 2008. Space JC; Lorence DH; LaRosa AM, 2009. Thaman RR; Fosberg FR; Manner HI; Hassall DC, 1994. Thaman RR, Fosberg FR, Manner HI, Hassall DC, 1994. It is growing a multi trunks with grouped leaves end of each trunk. Hilo, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service, 227. http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf, Stevens PF, 2012. In nature, it blossoms numerous small white flowers. It usually develops a multi-trunked habit with foliage restricted to the top few metres. Manual of the flowering plants of Hawaii., Honolulu, Hawai'i, USA: Bishop Museum Press. MacKee H S, 1994. Notes on the flora of the Yucatan Peninsula III: new records and miscellaneous notes for the peninsular flora II. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal (História Natural), Supplement 8:5-281. A checklist of the total vascular plant flora of Singapore: native, naturalised and cultivated species. Crowns of large showy leaves form an umbrella shape giving it the popular name "Umbrella Tree". Mori SA; Buck WR; Gracie CA; Tulig M, 2007. Agriculture Handbook Washington, 679. In Florida, S. actinophylla was introduced in 1927 and by the late 1970s it was reported as “escaped from cultivation” and listed as a Category I invasive plant by the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council in 1996 (Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011). In the West Indies, S. actinophylla was probably introduced from Florida as an ornamental. Meyer JY, 2000. Bissea: Boletin sobre Conservacion de Plantad del Jardin Botanico Nacional, 6:1-140. Schefflera actinophylla is native to Australia and was introduced into Florida in 1927 as an ornamental. Plant Characteristics. Florence J, Chevillotte H, Ollier C, Meyer JY, 2011. S. actinophylla reproduces by seeds and each tree can produce thousands of seeds that can be dispersed by birds and bats. S. schefflera is valued by landscapers because it attracts birds to gardens (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2007). Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. Report to the Kingdom of Tonga on invasive plant species of environmental concern., Honolulu, Hawaii, USA: Institute of Pacific Islands Forestry, USDA Forest Service. Curepe, Trinidad and Tobago: CAB International, 132 pp. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Schefflera (Araliaceae): taxonomic history, overview and progress. Report to the Nature Conservancy. Because S. actinophylla is shade tolerant, it is able to invade disturbed and undisturbed forests (Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, 2011). Yi T; Lowry PPII; Plunkett GM; Wen J, 2004. In the case of larger trees, it is recommended to cut notches into the cambium around the stem and apply undiluted glyphosphate or triclopyr (Englberger, 2009), or to cut and then treat the stumps with the following herbicides: Repeated applications of herbicides are necessary in order to avoid re-sprouts (Motooka et al., 2003; Englberger, 2009). 227. http://www.sprep.org/att/irc/ecopies/countries/palau/48.pdf. In: Florida's garden of good and evil: Proceedings of the 1998 joint symposium of the Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council and the Florida Native Plant Society, June 3-7, 1998, Palm Beach Gardens, Florida [ed. Currently this species is common as an ornamental in lowlands, where it escapes from cultivated areas to become a serious weed and an invasive species in natural areas (Wagner et al., 1999; PIER, 2012). The large, palmately compound, shiny leaves sit atop the multiple, thin, bare trunks of schefflera, creating much the impression of an exotic, 25-foot tall plant-umbrella. [Virtual Herbarium of The New York Botanical Garden.] The flora of Nauru. Plants and Lichens of Saba. Schefflera lends a tropical effect to any landscape use, from patio containers to interiorscapes to protected outdoor locations. Schefflera actinophylla is easily started from fresh seed, with some scarification to help speed up the process as the seeds are spread around by animals after they eat the fruit that contains it. Trade and Invasive Species in the Caribbean: A Universe of Risk. S. actinophylla requires full sun to flower (Gilman and Watson, 1994), and fruits appear about 6 weeks or more after flowering (Menninger, 1971). Leaves are palmately compound with 7-16 leaflets in terminal rosettes to 11.5 by 4 inches. Flora of the Solomon Islands. Langeland KA; Cherry HM; McCormick CM; Craddock Burks KA, 2008. Honolulu, HI, USA: College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Manoa, 184 pp. Compendium record. http://www.herbier-tahiti.pf, Florida Exotic Pest Plant Council, 2011. Space JC; Flynn T, 2002a. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. USDA Forest Service, Honolulu, 51. N-phosphonomethyl-glycine (glyphosate) or 3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl-oxy acetic acid (triclopyr) can be used as foliar applications on seedlings and young plants. Master ID: 1822: Species ID: 3115: Flora Disclaimer: The information in this website has been compiled from reliable sources, such as reference works on medicinal plants. A geographical checklist of the Micronesian dicotyledonae. Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); flowers and fruit at Kakipi Gulch Haiku, Maui. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html. (Plantas Invasoras en Cuba). It is usually multi-trunked, and the flowers develop at the top of the tree. http://www.issg.org/database, Kairo M; Ali B; Cheesman O; Haysom K; Murphy S, 2003. Verloove F; Reyes-Betancort J, 2011. by Sherley G]. Space JC; Flynn T, 2000. It is a Schefflera, as it is flowering from the terminal end of the branch. Schefflera actinophylla is an evergreen tree growing to 15 m (49 ft) tall. Variegated schefflera (Schefflera arboricola "Variegata") is a dwarf version of the Schefflera actinophylla, or umbrella tree. Bradley K; Gann GD, 1999. Report to the Republic of Palau: 2008 update on Invasive Plant Species., Hilo, Hawaii, USA: USDA Forest Service. Invasive plants in Cuba. Schefflera or Tupidanthus below? In the wild, it sometimes grows on other trees as an epiphyte. Flowers are borne in dense clusters that form a large, red, showy inflorescence at stem tips above foliage. S. actinophylla was introduced to Hawaii in about 1900. Swarbrick JT; Hart R, 2001. Waugh JD, 2009. Once established, S. actinophylla achieves high population densities, altering native plant communities by displacing native species, and changing community structures and ecological functions of invaded habitats (Gucker, 2011; PIER, 2012). Evergreen, fast-growing tree, up to 12 m height, with single or multi-stemmed trunks, and greenish bark. in Florida, Hawaii and on several islands in the south Pacific).The roots of … by Jones, D. T. \Gamble, B. W.]. Some species are highly popular as ornamental houseplants, such as S. Arboricola and S. Actinophylla. Seeds have high germination rates, and high densities of seedlings and young plants have been reported near seed sources, which are able to grow in shaded areas as well as in sunny open areas (Gucker, 2011). Common forest trees of Hawaii (native and introduced). S. actinophylla is a fast-growing, ornamental tree which has been introduced to many regions. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Flora Vitiensis nova: a new flora of Fiji., Lawai, Kauai, Hawaii, USA: National Tropical Botanic Gardens. Fact sheet: Umbrella tree (Schefflera actinophylla). 758 pp. Flowering period: July to October, rarely forms small yellow flowers 11. CC-BY-3.0, Schefflera actinophylla (octopus tree, umbrella plant); Leaves at Holida Inn Express Boynton Beach, Florida. Kauai, Hawaii, USA: US Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries, Land Protection invasive. ) and their management branches with fruits should be removed from treated areas has highly invasive behaviour tropical... 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